Do not climb the mountains when the weather is bad. Remember about safety!
When having a rest, do not forget about your own safety. The basic rules for travelers are quite simple: do not climb the mountains when the weather is bad, and do not hide under single trees in the open area during a storm. Also, do not go out in the dark. Below, you can find more detailed tips.
- If you go to the forest, you should inform your family about where you are going. Also, make it a rule to look at a map, or, at least, a hand-drawn map of the area, and memorize landmarks before traveling or hiking in the woods.
- Wear comfortable and weather-appropriate clothing and footwear when traveling. And remember, the weather in the mountains can change very quickly. Therefore, it is better to stock up on waterproof clothing.
- When traveling, make sure all equipment is in good condition. If you are not sure whether to take this or that thing, remember - being overweight will only hinder you.
- While in the woods, set signals (whistle or voice) in your group, so as not to lose each other. Also, memorize the landmarks on your way. To avoid getting lost, leave notes. Without visual landmarks, a man begins to walk around in the woods.
- When traveling, never drink water from rivers and lakes. Streams are the most reliable sources of water. Be careful, because there might be a bog in the forest - go around it. Bog water should also not be used.
- Remember, you can only pick mushrooms and berries that you know well. To avoid poisoning, never taste raw mushrooms; never pick mushrooms and berries near highways, because even edible mushrooms in those places are poisonous. Avoid wild animals while in the woods. Remember, that even deer and foxes can be dangerous.
- The following safety rules must be observed when crossing mountain rivers: choose the safest place to cross; cross the rivers in the morning when there is less water; avoid wading in case of dangerous situations. Once in a mountain stream, you should throw off your backpack, stay in position on your chest, and try to get closer to the shore, stone, or tree to keep from falling.
- If you get lost in the woods, stay calm and avoid panic. Stop moving, sit down, and catch your breath. Think about how to get to the place where the familiar path begins. Remember the last sign on a familiar part of the road, and try to trace the road to it. If that doesn't work, remember the familiar landmarks. Become accustomed to the sounds. In the absence of familiar landmarks, trails, and roads, go “to the water” - downstream. The stream will lead to the river, and the river - to people.
- At high altitude, sun acts on a person much stronger than below. Your nose, cheeks, especially lips, are burnt, and covered with bubbles because of its influence. Sunlight and high temperatures can also cause sunstroke. To prevent burns, wear sunglasses throughout the day, make sure to wear a hat, and apply sunscreen to the exposed parts of your skin.
- To protect yourself from the dangers of low temperatures, first of all, the clothes and equipment of the tourist must correspond to the conditions. Remember, hypothermia is caused by fatigue, general exhaustion, poor nutrition, immobility, lack of warm clothes, and tight shoes.
- If a thunderstorm is coming, you should know that most often lightning in the mountains hits the protruding points - rocky peaks, located above others, and ridges, where there are rocks containing at least a small percentage of iron. When a thunderstorm is coming, it is necessary to descend from a high place by 10-15 meters. All metal things should be taken to a distance of more than 10 meters. You should sit with your head down, put your arms around your knees, and not to touch the rocks and soil.
- Fog is difficult to predict. It can appear suddenly, and disappear just as quickly because of the wind. But when it’s heavy fog, and if you do not know the route, it is better not to move, because it is very easy to lose orientation and get lost. You can move forward in the fog only if you perfectly know the route. At the same time, you should follow the following rules: walk in the group, and not tail away.
Remember, the following is prohibited when traveling on the territory of Synevyr National Nature Park:
- swim in Synevyr Lake
- set up tents, and start fires in places not designated for this purpose
- cut down and damage trees, shrubs, as well as pluck flowers
- hunt animals
- destroy burrows and nests
- damage natural objects, etc.