In 2008, Synevyr Lake was included in the list of winners of the nationwide action “7 Wonders of Ukraine”, launched by the “Native Country” Foundation. This action became one of the most resonant and successful projects to promote domestic tourism for more than 20 years of Ukrainian independence. What was the way to create a national park based on this pearl?
In 1974, a 960-hectare landscape reserve of state importance was organized. Its goal was to preserve Synevyr Lake as a unique creation of nature.
Two years before, in 1972, in the Synevyr Forestry on the basis of the reservoir formed by the dam on the Chorna River, the ichthyological reserve of local significance “Kantyna” with the area of 25 hectares, was allocated. The reservoir was home to many trout, grayling, chub, and other fish species. However, over time, it became silted due to trawling of wood on mountain streams by powerful skidding tractors, and in 1998 the dam was destroyed by a catastrophic flood, so the functions of the ichthyological reserve were lost.
In 1980, a hydrological and botanical reserve of national importance was organized - Nehrovets sphagnum bog Hlukhania with an area of 17 hectares.
In 1983, the Ostritsky Forestry organized a 328-hectare Kamianka National Forest Reserve, on the slopes of which there are stone placers, as well as clumps of mountain pine and green alder.
In 1984, the 322.2-hectare Ozirtse hydrological reserve of local significance was identified in the Synevyr Forestry. Ozirtse Lake, which has an area of about 1 hectare, was its center.
Finally, on January 5, 1989, the park received national status. At the time of its creation, the area of the park was 40,400 hectares. In 2019, in accordance with the decree of the President of Ukraine, the area of the park was expanded to 377 hectares.
In order to preserve the entire gene pool of flora and fauna and, first of all, rare and relict species in natural conditions, the park is divided into four functional zones.
- Protected area. It is designed to protect and restore the most valuable natural complexes, and its regime corresponds to the regime of nature reserves. Preservation of natural complexes and objects, conducting research and observations of the state of the environment, development of environmental recommendations based on them, and dissemination of environmental knowledge are the main tasks of the protected area. The protected area includes the territory of the Chornoritskyi Nature Protection Research Department, and the sphagnum oligotrophic Hlukhania bog of Negrovets Nature Protection Research Department. The total area of the protected area in the Synevyr National Nature Park is 5,840 hectares, or 17% of the permanent use of the park.Any economic or other activity that may disrupt the natural development of processes and phenomena, or create a threat of harmful effects on natural complexes and objects is prohibited in the protected area.
- Regulated recreation area. It offers short-term recreation and wellness improvement, especially picturesque and memorable places. It is allowed to arrange and equip tourist routes and ecological trails here. Deforestation, continuous sanitary felling, hunting, or other activities that may adversely affect the condition of natural complexes and protected area objects are prohibited here. The zone of regulated recreation in the Synevyr National Nature Park covers an area of 21,377 hectares, or 62% of the park’s territory.
- Stationary recreation area. This area is designed to accommodate motels, hotels, campsites, and other facilities for visitors of the park. The area of this zone in the Synevyr National Nature Park is about 8 hectares.
- Economic area. Within its boundaries, economic activities are carried out aimed at fulfilling the tasks assigned to the park, located settlements, lands of other land users and landowners. The area of the economic zone of permanent use of our park is 7,390 hectares, or 21%.
Where Is the Park Included?
UNESCO World Heritage
Beech virgin forests with an area of 2865 hectares are included in the World Natural Heritage List
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Synevyr Lake with an area of 29 hectares, according to the Ramsar Convention, is recognized as a wetland of international importance.